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Vitamin B12



Vitamin B-12 is an essential B vitamin, as it serves the body in many ways. Vitamin B-12 is needed for brain function, nerve tissue health, and the production of blood cells. Another name for vitamin B-12 is Cobalamin. Vitamin B-12 is crucial for the human system, as its deficiency can lead to irreversible neurological symptoms.

Body functions

It helps the brain and the nervous system work properly. It also helps to create and regulate DNA while being involved in the formation of red blood cells. Vitamin B-12 helps the body absorb folic acid, and in energy production.

Deficiency Symptoms

Vitamin B-12 deficiency symptoms include depression, fatigue, memory problems, confusion, and constipation. Also, there can be loss of appetite and weight when there’s a vitamin B-12 deficiency.

Causes of Deficiency

Vitamin B-12 deficiency is caused by the lack of enough vitamin B-12 in the body, and it can result in severe damage to the body, especially the brain and nervous system. The body needs to receive enough vitamin B-12 to avoid the above-mentioned symptoms.

Food sources

Vitamin B-12 can be found in dietary sources such as beef, pork, ham, lamb, poultry, and fish. Also, dairy products such as milk, yogurt, and cheese are good sources. Eggs, cereals fortified with vitamin B-12, and some types of soya milk are also good sources.

Medicinal sources

Vitamin B-12 supplements are available in the market as medicinal sources.

Daily recommended value

The daily recommended value for adults over 14 years old is 2.4 micrograms, while its 2.6 micrograms for pregnant women, and 2.8 micrograms for lactating women.

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